University: Shanxi University, Polysense, Politecnico di Bari, Rice University.
Authors: Angelo Sampaolo, Giansergio Menduni, Pietro Patimisco, Marilena Giglio, Vittorio M.N. Passaro, Lei Dong, Hongpeng Wu, Frank K. Tittel, Vincenzo Spagnolo.
Journal: Elsevier 2020
Impact Factor: 6.393 (What is the IF?). Elsevier is considered a leading reference for Sensor’s Scientific Papers
TITLE: Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy for hydrocarbon trace gas detection and petroleum exploration
ABSTRACT: Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy represents a valuable candidate for natural gas analysis in the oil & gas field. The core element of this spectroscopy technique is a quartz tuning forks, employed as high quality-factor optoacoustic transducers, capable of operating in a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The robustness and compactness of these sensors, together with the possibility to avoid the use of optical detectors, open the way to the development of a new generation of small-sized gas spectrometers to be potentially employed downhole for source rock characterization and estimation of oil & gas properties. We report here on the realization of a shoe-box sized quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy system capable of: i) selective detection of methane and ethane in the parts-per-billion range, and propane in the parts-per-million range, by employing a single interband cascade laser emitting at 3.345 µm; ii) selective detection of 12CH4 and 13CH4 isotopes at the parts-per-billion sensitivity level by employing a quantum cascade laser operating around 7.73 µm.