METHANOL & DME PRODUCTION
Description of the Application.
Increasing attention toward climate changes and the recent strategic policies to stabilize and reduce the amount of CO2 emissions have resulted in the promotion of research in the field of carbon capture, utilization and storage, where CO2 utilization technologies are expected to play a very important role. The aim of the activity is the development of advanced catalysts, both supported and non-supported for the production of methanol and dimethyl ether (DME) from CO2. Thanks to the encouraging results, the obtained catalysts are the subject of the PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) application number PCT/EP2019/053068: “Efficient catalyst for the conversion of CO2 to methanol”. Their catalytic activity is determined in a high pressure automatic bench-scale reactor under realistic conditions (250°C, 30 bar, gas feed: 75% H2/25% CO2, by volume). The concentrations of the inlet gas and the reactor effluent are monitored by means of an online gas chromatograph (Agilent 7890B) equipped with TCD detector for H2, N2, CO2, CO and ther possible hydrocarbons (CH4, C3H8, C4H10 etc.) and a FID detector for H2S, CO2, CH3OH, DME, C4/C5.
Benefits and Savings.
The use of the MCQ 4000 series allows to obtain a double advantage: (i) the desired concentration of different gas mixtures for the achievement of reliable calibration curves using only pure gases; (ii) the possibility to feed, at low pressure, the bench-scale plant with different gas compositions and different concentrations, including a simulating syngas. A traditional calibration method would require as many gas cylinders, at different concentrations, as the number of points in the calibration curve. Furthermore, dimethyl ether (DME) is hard to be obtained in different concentrations, and it is often mixed with other impurities and it is unstable. Besides, a lot of time is required in gas delivering. In this regards, with MCQ instruments, Sotacarbo needs only of a pure gas cylinder of DME, mixed with an inert gas (N2) for calibrating the GC instruments. This solution has been successfully employed for calibrating other gases such as H2, CO2, CO, CH4 or N2 with a remarkable saving of money and reducing time.
GAS CHROMATOGRAPH CALIBRATION
Sotacarbo – Società Tecnologie Avanzate Low Carbon S.p.A. – was established on April 2nd 1987, the main aim was to exploit coal through the development of advanced clean coal technologies.
The most important tool to reach this goal was the construction of the Sotacarbo Research Centre, which included the design and construction of pilot and demonstration plants; the development of studies and experimentations on new technologies; the design of new industrial plants for coal use.
The current shareholders are ENEA (The Italian national agency for new technologies, energy and sustainable economic development) and the Sardinian Regional Administration.
(Ref: Sotacarbo Website)