H2S DETECTION IN THZ RANGE
Description of the Application.
Gas sensing spectroscopic techniques aim to operate with isolated or well separated absorption lines characterized by large cross-sections.
The THz spectral range offers many advantages for gas spectroscopy because of the comb-like distribution of the spectral features, the strongest line strenghts in the whole infrared region and the fastest relaxation rates.
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) shows absorption bands in the THz region up to two orders of magnitude stronger with respect to mid-IR range and the possibility to be detected avoiding the interference of hydrocarbons.
The application developed is based on a liquid nitrogen-cooled THz QEPAS sensor, employing a pulsed QCL to excite a H2S rotational transition at 95.63 cm-1.
Benefits and Savings.
The Gas blender 100 was used to dilute a certified gas mixture of 200 ppm of H2S in pure N2 down to 20 ppm. The mixtures generated led to a linear response from the QEPAS sensor, confirming that the maximum concentration of 200 ppm was not damaging the device. The calibration of the QEPAS sensor allowed us to calculate a minimum detection limit in the part-per-billion concentration scale. This prototype sets the basis for highly challenging and ambitious tasks such as H2S detection in natural gas.
GAS DILUTION - MICRO FLOW
The Polytechnic University of Bari (Italian: Politecnico di Bari) is a university located in Bari, Italy. It was founded in 1990 and it is organized in 3 Faculties.
In 2016, around 9752 students were enrolled. In 2013, the professors, researchers and assistants amounted to 302 people.
The Polytechnic University of Bari is the youngest among the Italian polytechnic universities. Even though other Italian universities also incorporate engineering and science faculties, Italian polytechnic universities are focused on technological faculties and subjects.