STUDY ON WATER PIPE
FLEXIBILITY & SOFTWARE AUTOMATION
Description of the Application.
KWR generates knowledge to enable the water sector to operate water-wisely in our urbanised society. KWR stems from Kiwa, a certification institute for water pipe articles, established in 1948.
In this project, KWR looks at iron oxidation in the upper part of rapid sand filters.
To study effects of various ions in water on the oxidation kinetics, KWR wants to control dissolved oxygen continuously while keeping alkalinity constant.
This lab study will be combined with very hot data from X-ray absorption spectroscopy, which will be obtained at a synchrotron.
This data will allow KWR to couple detailed chemical composition of formed iron oxide deposits in real application rapid sand filters from several locations in the Netherlands to our well-controlled lab study on the effect of ions.
GAS FLOW CONTROL - WATER
Water is the basis of life. It is essential for nature, people, food production and economic development. The availability of sufficient clean water has become a societal issue all over the world. In our water-wise world research programme we work on the optimal organisation and management of the water cycle, with a circular economy as a key driver and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals in mind. Research at KWR is guided by our scientific vision, which is embodied in five research programmes.
(Ref: KWR website)