University: Institute of Radiopharmaceutical Cancer Research, University Hospital Leipzig, Imperial College London, University Münster, University Hospital Leipzig
Authors: Mathias Kranz, Bernhard Sattler, Nathanael Wüst, Winnie Deuther-Conrad, Marianne Patt, Philipp M. Meyer, Steffen Fischer, Cornelius K. Donat, Bernhard Wünsch, Swen Hesse, Jörg Steinbach, Peter Brust and Osama Sabri
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TITLE: Evaluation of the Enantiomer Specific Biokinetics and Radiation Doses of [18F]Fluspidine – A New Tracer in Clinical Translation for Imaging of σ1 Receptors.
ABSTRACT: The enantiomers of [18F]fluspidine, recently developed for imaging of σ1 receptors, possess distinct pharmacokinetics facilitating their use in different clinical settings. To support their translational potential, we estimated the human radiation dose of (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine and (R)-(+)-[18F]fluspidine from ex vivo biodistribution and PET/MRI data in mice after extrapolation to the human scale. In addition, we validated the preclinical results by performing a first-in-human PET/CT study using (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine.
Based on the respective time-activity curves, we calculated using OLINDA the particular organ doses (ODs) and effective doses (EDs). The ED values of (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine and (R)-(+)-[18F]fluspidine differed significantly with image-derived values obtained in mice with 12.9 μSv/MBq and 14.0 μSv/MBq (p < 0.025), respectively. A comparable ratio was estimated from the biodistribution data.
In the human study, the ED of (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine was calculated as 21.0 μSv/MBq. Altogether, the ED values for both [18F]fluspidine enantiomers determined from the preclinical studies are comparable with other 18F-labeled PET imaging agents. In addition, the first-in-human study confirmed that the radiation risk of (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine imaging is within acceptable limits. However, as already shown for other PET tracers, the actual ED of (S)-(−)-[18F]fluspidine in humans was underestimated by preclinical imaging which needs to be considered in other first-in-human studies.